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How-to setup LAN

To setup LAN on the RaspberryPi it's quite easy, when just having plugged in the cable and using DHCP; there is usually no additional setup to. With ifconfig you are able to see your current IP.

Older Raspian

But if you want to setup a static IP, modify the “/etc/network/interfaces”:

/etc/network/interfaces
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
 
auto eth0
allow-hotplug eth0
#iface eth0 inet manual
#iface eth0 inet dhcp
 
iface eth0 inet static 
  address 192.168.0.219
  netmask 255.255.255.0
  network 192.168.0.0
  broadcast 192.168.0.255
  gateway 192.168.0.254
  dns-nameservers 192.168.0.254 8.8.8.8
 
auto wlan0
allow-hotplug wlan0
iface wlan0 inet manual
  wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
 
auto wlan1
allow-hotplug wlan1
iface wlan1 inet manual
  wpa-conf /etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
 
iface default inet dhcp

Here we have an easy working setup in a class C network setup for eth0.

Raspian Jessie

Using /etc/network/interfaces

Within Debian aka Raspian “Jessie” some things changed slightly. A static address cannnot that easy be setup with the procedure above, which is also mentioned at top in /etc/network/interfaces. There it's now written:

# interfaces(5) file used by ifup(8) and ifdown(8)

# Please note that this file is written to be used with dhcpcd
# For static IP, consult /etc/dhcpcd.conf and 'man dhcpcd.conf'

# Include files from /etc/network/interfaces.d:
source-directory /etc/network/interfaces.d
[...]

So you have to be aware to make additonal changes in /etc/dhcpcd.conf, when trying to setup a static IP for eth0. When staying with interfaces, adding eth0 to the auto line should be the preferred way, as this might ensure, the IP setup is coming from interfaces. For using this, find this row:

auto lo

…and replace it with…

auto lo eth0

…or simply add a new row as in the former example setup above:

auto eth0

Network should work as setup before.

For using WiFi aka wlan0, just create an auto-entry or add wlan0 in addition:

auto lo eth0 wlan0


Using /etc/dhcpcd.conf

When decided to use /etc/dhcpcd.conf, at the end of the file the following rows need to be added to add an equal entry as the one from the setup at the top:

interface eth0
static ip_address=192.168.0.219/24
static routers=192.168.0.254
static domain_name_servers=192.168.0.254 8.8.8.8
setuplan.txt · Last modified: 29.03.2016 14:48 by andreas